In an interview, Ms. Vestager claimed artificial intelligence was 1 of the world’s most promising systems, but it offers numerous risks because it involves trusting advanced algorithms to make decisions based mostly on large quantities of data. She claimed there should be privateness protections, principles to reduce the technology from resulting in discrimination, and requirements that guarantee corporations applying the units can demonstrate how they do the job, she stated.

She raised unique worries about the increasing use of facial recognition technological know-how and stated new restrictions may possibly be required ahead of it was “everywhere.”

Ms. Vestager stated she was hunting forward to Mr. Zuckerberg’s go to. Although she was curious to listen to his suggestions about synthetic intelligence and digital policy, she said, Europe was not heading to wait around to act.

“We will do our ideal to avoid unintended consequences,” she reported. “But, certainly, there will be intended effects.”

Facebook declined to remark.

Europe is doing work on the artificial intelligence plan at the way of Ursula von der Leyen, the new head of the European Fee, which is the govt department for the 27-nation bloc. Ms. von der Leyen, who took business in November, instantly gave Ms. Vestager a 100-working day deadline to release an original proposal about artificial intelligence.

The limited time frame has raised issues that the guidelines are getting rushed. Synthetic intelligence is not monolithic and its use may differ depending on the discipline in which it is becoming used. Its performance largely relies on knowledge pulled from distinctive sources. Extremely broad rules could stand in the way of the gains, these types of as diagnosing illness, setting up self-driving motor vehicles or producing a lot more successful power grids, some in the tech sector warned.

“There is an possibility for leadership, but it can’t just be regulatory do the job,” explained Ian Hogarth, a London-based mostly angel investor who focuses on artificial intelligence. “Just wanting at this as a result of the lens of polices helps make it hard to press the frontiers of what’s achievable.”

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